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Insect Website Title

Pest Remedies-Butterfly:


Butterfly, Black Swallowtail (See Parsleyworm Butterfly)


Butterfly, Cotton Square Borer (Strymon melinus)

Order: Lepidoptera ; Family: Lycaenidae

Description: Adult, wingspan about 25 mm (1"), light gray underwings, brown forewings but females are browner, pair of tiny tails on each hindwing. Larvae, cream, green or pink, covered with short brown hairs, stout, thick body.

Life Cycle: ?

Hosts/Damage: Feeds on beans and other legumes.

Controls:

Cultural - ?

Biological - zzz

Chemical - Various other sprays and baits are available at your nursery or hardware store. Follow label instructions carefully to avoid injury to your plant, yourself, your pets or the environment.


Butterfly, Gray Hairstreak ( See Cotton Square Borer Butterfly)


Butterfly, Imported White Cabbage (Pieris rapae)

Order: Lepidoptera; Family: Pieridae

Description: Adult is white or pale yellow butterfly with 2 to 4 black spots and (1 - 2 inch) 25 to 50 mm wingspan. Larvae is velvet green with yellow stripe Eggs are yellowish and bullet shaped.

Life Cycle: Butterflies lay eggs under host leaves. After hatching, larvae pupate on ground to overwinter. 2 or 3 generations per year in colder states but may reproduce all year long in mild wintered areas.

Hosts/Damage: Larva chew large, irregular holes in cole crop leaves mainly. Tunnel extensively throughout cabbage heads. Serious pest.

Controls:

Cultural - Row covers to exclude adults. Handpick larvae.

Biological - Bt for larvae. Trichogramma wasps eat eggs. Green lacewings and spined soldier bugs attack larvae.

Chemical - Pyrethrum. Rotenone. Various other sprays and baits are available at your nursery or hardware store. Follow label instructions carefully to avoid injury to your plant, yourself, your pets or the environment.


Butterfly, Orangedog (Papilio cresphontes)

Order: Lepidoptera ; Family:

Description: ?

Life Cycle: ?

Hosts/Damage: ?

Controls:

Cultural - ?

Biological - zzz

Chemical - Various other sprays and baits are available at your nursery or hardware store. Follow label instructions carefully to avoid injury to your plant, yourself, your pets or the environment.


Butterfly, Orange-tip (? ?)

Order: Lepidoptera ; Family: Pieridae

Description: Adult: Small white butterfly with underside of wing mottled with green and tips of front wings are often orange. Uncommon and mostly found in West.

Life Cycle: ?

Hosts/Damage: Larvae feed on shepherd's purse and related plants.

Controls:

Cultural - ?

Biological - zzz

Chemical - Various other sprays and baits are available at your nursery or hardware store. Follow label instructions carefully to avoid injury to your plant, yourself, your pets or the environment.


Butterfly, Parsleyworm or Black Swallowtail (Papilio polyxenes)

Order: Lepidoptera ; Family: Papilionidae

Description:

Adult: Black with 2 rows of yellow spots around wing margins. Taillike projections (swallowtails) on both hind wings. Larva, about 50 mm (2"), black crossband on each plump green segment, 2 soft orange horns just back of head which are extended when disturbed and expel sweet odor. Pupa, tan.

Life Cycle:

Spends winter as a pupa suspended from host in North but adult lives through winter in South.Eggs are layed singly on leaves of host and hatch in 10 days. Larva feed for about 2 weeks.

Hosts/Damage: Larva feed on carrots, parsley and related plants; not a major pest.

Controls:

Cultural - Handpicking caterpillars or pupae may be sufficient.

Biological - zzz

Chemical - Various other sprays and baits are available at your nursery or hardware store. Follow label instructions carefully to avoid injury to your plant, yourself, your pets or the environment.


Butterfly, Spicebush Swallowtail (Papilio troilus)

Order: Lepidoptera ; Family: Papilionidae

Description:

Adult, black with a row of small yellow spots along outer margin of the front wing and extensive blue-green areas in the hind wing. Larvae, are 37 mm (1-1/2"), largest diameter at 3rd segment, pea green on top with yellow sides, pink head and underneath, 4 large and 10 small orange spots.

Life Cycle: ?

Hosts/Damage: Larvae feed on spicebush and sassafras but usually not serious.

Controls:

Cultural - ?

Biological - zzz

Chemical - Various other sprays and baits are available at your nursery or hardware store. Follow label instructions carefully to avoid injury to your plant, yourself, your pets or the environment.


Butterfly, Sulfur (? ?)

Order: Lepidoptera ; Family: Pieridae

Description: Yellow or orange and most have wings bordered with black. Some are common.

Life Cycle: ?

Hosts/Damage: Larvae feed on clover.

Controls:

Cultural - ?

Biological - zzz

Chemical - Various other sprays and baits are available at your nursery or hardware store. Follow label instructions carefully to avoid injury to your plant, yourself, your pets or the environment.


Butterfly, Tiger Swallowtail (Papilio glaucus)

Order: Lepidoptera ; Family: Papilionidae

Description:

Adult, large butterfly which is brightly colored with yellow with black stripes on forewing and black wing margins but some almost entirely black. Larvae, 37 mm (1-1/2"), dark green, 3rd segment enlarged and marked with large yellow spot enclosing a purple spot on each side.

Life Cycle: ?

Hosts/Damage: Larvae feed on various trees.

Controls:

Cultural - ?

Biological - zzz

Chemical - Various other sprays and baits are available at your nursery or hardware store. Follow label instructions carefully to avoid injury to your plant, yourself, your pets or the environment.


Butterfly, White (? ?)

Order: Lepidoptera ; Family: Pieridae

Description: White butterfly with black markings. The most common species is the Imported White Cabbage butterfly (Pieris rapae).

Life Cycle: ?

Hosts/Damage: Imported White Cabbage butterfly larvae feed cabbage and related plants and is a serious pest..

Controls:

Cultural - ?

Biological - Bt

Chemical - Various other sprays and baits are available at your nursery or hardware store. Follow label instructions carefully to avoid injury to your plant, yourself, your pets or the environment.


Butterfly, Zebra Swallowtail (Graphium marcellus)

Order: Lepidoptera ; Family: Papilionidae

Description: Adult, pale green with black stripes and has a long tail projection.

Life Cycle: ?

Hosts/Damage: Larvae feed on pawpaw.

Controls:

Cultural - ?

Biological - zzz

Chemical - Various other sprays and baits are available at your nursery or hardware store. Follow label instructions carefully to avoid injury to your plant, yourself, your pets or the environment.


 Last edited: 07/13/98 01:09 AM

 

Disclaimer:

The help provided by the author of this site is the best scientific based information, about which he is aware, but gardening is not an exact science due to the many unpredictable elements involved so the results can not be guaranteed. E-mail feedback is therefor invited to keep the author aware of successes and failures. Also let me know if you are the author of anything that appears to be illegally incorporated in violation of your copyrights.